KrakÃ³w's historic centre, which includes the Old Town, Kazimierz and the Wawel Castle, was included as the first of its kind on the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1978.72 The Stare Miasto is the most prominent example of an old town in the country.73 For many centuries KrakÃ³w was the royal capital of Poland, until Sigismund III Vasa relocated the court to Warsaw in 1596.
The whole district is bisected by the Royal Road, the coronation route traversed by the Kings of Poland.The Route begins at St. Florian's Church outside the northern flank of the old city-walls in the medieval suburb of Kleparz; passes the Barbican of KrakÃ³w (Barbakan) built in 1499, and enters Stare Miasto through the Florian Gate. It leads down FloriaÅ„ska Street through the Main Square, and up Grodzka to Wawel, the former seat of Polish royalty, overlooking the Vistula river.
Old Town attracts visitors from all over the World.
The architectural design of the district had survived all cataclysms of the past and retained its original form coming from the medieval times.The Old Town of KrakÃ³w is home to about six thousand historic sites and more than two million works of art.74 Its rich variety of heritage architecture includes Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque buildings.
KrakÃ³w's palaces, churches, theatres and mansions display great variety of color, architectural details, stained glass, paintings, sculptures, and furnishings.Å¹rÃ³dÅ‚o: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krak%C3%B3w#Cityscape
One such attraction is just hanging out on the city market and find a variety of souvenirs, and other walks in the city parks.
After the war, under the Polish People's Republic, the intellectual and academic community of KrakÃ³w was put under total political control..The universities were soon deprived of printing rights and autonomy.63 The Stalinist government ordered the construction of the country's largest steel mill in the newly created suburb of Nowa Huta.64 The creation of the giant Lenin Steelworks (now Sendzimir Steelworks owned by Mittal) sealed KrakÃ³w's transformation from a university city to an industrial centre.65 The new working class, drawn by the industrialisation of KrakÃ³w, contributed to rapid population growth. In an effort that spanned two decades, Karol WojtyÅ‚a, cardinal archbishop of KrakÃ³w, successfully lobbied for permission to build the first churches in the new industrial suburbs.6566 In 1978, WojtyÅ‚a was elevated to the papacy as John Paul II, the first non-Italian pope in 455 years.
In the same year, UNESCO placed KrakÃ³w Old Town on the first-ever list of World Heritage Sites. Å¹rÃ³dÅ‚o: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krak%C3%B3w#History